I would like to thank Claudine Vidal and Marc Le Pape for their benevolent yet demanding methodological supervision.
Discussions and interaction with Laurence Binet, Françoise Bouchet-Saulnier, Rony Brauman, Xavier Crombé, Michal Givoni, Fabrice Weissman, have been invaluable throughout the elaboration of this paper.
Special thanks to the MSF members at Paris headquarters (president, directors, members of the operations department) and returning from the field (heads of mission and field coordinators) who were kind enough to give me interviews, to let me attend their meetings, to give me access to their archives, in short to provide the main material for this work.
The case studies rely tremendously on the documents The Hunting and Killing of Rwandan Refugees in Zaire-Congo (L. Binet) and A Critique of MSF-France Operations in Darfur (C. Danet, S. Delaunay, E. Depoortere, F. Weissman).
Caroline Serraf’s contribution to the improvement and finalisation of the English version has been immense.
Thanks to the Crash members in general for their rereading and advice. Last but not least, thanks to Bérengère Cescau for her faithful support.