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Debate

The quantification of needs

Conference – debate, Monday, 27 April 2020, 6-8pm, 1st floor meeting room at MSF, 14-34 avenue Jean Jaurès 75019 Paris. Streaming and simultaneous translation into English available.

Combining historical research and ethnographic investigations, the Africanist historian Joël Glasman plunges us into the factory of the homo humanitarianus, the average individual, on the basis of which "needs" and aid projects today are assessed. He will come and talk to us about it on Monday 27 April, during a conference-debate at Crash.

Very interesting debate between Rony Brauman, Annyssa Bellal and Amani Ballour on the International Humanitarian Law. "The idea that IHL is going to civilise wars is a very dangerous illusion" - Rony Brauman https://t.co/I8a8tOS22Z
Interviewé par @LeTemps, Rony Brauman dénonce le manque de préparation des systèmes de santé pour faire face aux crises sanitaires. "Les Etats doivent réinvestir dans la recherche, et pas seulement dans les sciences dures." https://t.co/ujgyNNxHoY
Ce matin, Jean-Hervé Bradol était interrogé par @RFIAfrique sur les conséquences dramatiques que pourrait avoir l'épidémie de #coronavirus si elle venait à se développer en Afrique. https://t.co/hjzvYtdvSM
“No population in the world stands to attention like that in 2-3 days” Read the English version of Jean Hervé Bradol's interview with @Mediapart about the difficulties of basing all prevention on behavioural measures. https://t.co/NWeNLNGTE6
Dans cet entretien pour le journal @LaCroix, Jean-Hervé Bradol lit l’épidémie de #Covid_19 à la lumière de précédentes épidémies qu’il a vécues au sein de MSF. https://t.co/7pkOqrcjaN
Camp de rétention de Dar El Jebel
Blog post

Libya: the forgotten ones

Michaël Neuman spent ten days in Libya with Médecins Sans Frontières teams working in detention centres for migrants. From his stay, he brings back the following impressions that illustrate the gloomy situation of the people who are held there, for months or years, and the even more difficult situation of all those subject to kidnapping and torture.

MSF office
Blog post

Management at MSF

In this interview, different issues related to management at MSF are broached with Marion Péchayre, Director of Studies at the CRASH, such as the fragmentation of different components of our work, professionalisation drifting towards an attitude of control as embodied by the multiplication of management tools and the omnipresence of requests for validation, and the devaluation of the role of the individual against the promotion of a pseudo-scientific presentation of facts and projects.

Sanitation activities in urban slum, Haiti
Blog post

About "Choléra, Haïti, 2010-2018, Histoire d’un désastre" by Renaud Piarroux

The cholera outbreak in Haiti in October 2010 was among the deadliest in modern history, with 800,000 people infected and 10,000 fatalities. And these are just the official figures. The actual death toll was far higher, as evidenced by numerous retrospective mortality surveys, and can only be expressed as an order of magnitude: to wit, several tens of thousands.   
This book recounts eight years of struggle on two fronts that the author shows to be closely linked: the field, with the implementation of measures of prevention and case management; the scientific debate, in the form of a shattering of the dominant environmental theory concerning the origin of the epidemic.

MSF logistician Jennifer Bock and her colleagues unload 58 boxes one ton of medical supplies, mainly malaria testing kits, destined for the MSF-supported health centre in Boguila.
Blog post

To work

We’d like to share with you today some recommended reading around the issue of management, work, and ways of working. This choice will probably surprise some regular CRASH readers; isn’t this a far cry from the usual subjects of our critical analysis? Far from being chosen at random, the selection that follows in reality grew out of several years of reading.

CONFERENCES
& DEBATES

The quantification of needs

2020-04-27 16:00:00 2020-04-27 18:00:00 Europe/Paris The quantification of needs Conference – debate, Monday, 27 April 2020, 6-8pm, 1st floor meeting room at MSF, 14-34 avenue Jean Jaurès 75019 Paris. Streaming and simultaneous translation into English available. Combining historical research and ethnographic investigations, the Africanist historian Joël Glasman plunges us into the factory of the homo humanitarianus, the average individual, on the basis of which "needs" and aid projects today are assessed. He will come and talk to us about it on Monday 27 April, during a conference-debate at Crash. 14-34 avenue Jean Jaurès 75019 PARIS France MSF CRASH

Conference – debate, Monday, 27 April 2020, 6-8pm, 1st floor meeting room at MSF, 14-34 avenue Jean Jaurès 75019 Paris. Streaming and simultaneous translation into English available.

Combining historical research and ethnographic investigations, the Africanist historian Joël Glasman plunges us into the factory of the homo humanitarianus, the average individual, on the basis of which "needs" and aid projects today are assessed. He will come and talk to us about it on Monday 27 April, during a conference-debate at Crash.

A girl walks next to the church of Mayi-Munene, destroyed by the last conflict that affected the region the recent years.
Debate

Territories: the illusion of identity

Jean-François Bayart

Conference-debate on Monday 16 December 2019, 6-8pm in the 1st floor meeting room at MSF, 14-34 avenue Jean Jaurès 75019 Paris. Streaming and simultaneous translation into English available.

Can we talk about the specificities of the Middle East, Iran or the Mediterranean without reducing these territories to a culture or religion? The CRASH team invites you to a conference-debate with Jean-François Bayart, a French political scientist who has devoted his work to the sociology of the State and identity illusions.

View all Conferences & Debates

Publications

Inside MSF's hospital in Qayyarah, Iraq
Article

The Challenges of Globalization of International Relief and Development

First Published December 1, 1999 - Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly (NVSQ) - Volume 28 Issue 1.

This article begins with a look at the role played by Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) since its inception in 1971, and then looks at the challenges facing MSF today. It focuses on the confusion of humanitarian and political roles and on the goals MSF has laid out for itself to address this confusion. Humanitarian aid has become the favored response of governments to political crises, and governments have increasingly turned to NGOs to carry out their policies. In turn, NGOs have become increasingly dependent on governments for financial support. These changes have politicized aid delivery and made it difficult for NGOs to maintain their independence. In addition, as the number of NGOs increases and their activities become more specialized, there are pressures toward institutionalization and bureaucratization. To respond to these challenges, MSF has identified several goals, including maintaining organizational independence and flexibility and avoiding bureaucratization.

MSF in Al Dhale and Taiz, Yemen. July 2015
Article

Oases of Humanity and the Realities of War

The rehabilitation of international humanitarian law (IHL) has become a priority for those who think that the horrors of contemporary wars are largely due to the blurring of the distinction between civilians and combatants and for those who think that campaigning for the respect of IHL could result in more civilised wars. Similarly, respect for humanitarian principles is still seen by many as the best tool available to protect the safety of aid workers. In this text, I argue that both assumptions are misled. The distinction between civilians and combatants, a cornerstone of IHL, has been blurred in practice since the late nineteenth century. In addition, humanitarian agencies claiming to be ‘principled’ have been victims of attacks as much as others. History and current practice tell us that neither IHL nor humanitarian principles provide safety or can guide our decisions. Accepting their symbolic value, rather than their unrealised potential to protect and solve operational dilemmas, would free humanitarian agencies from endless speculations.